Radar warning receivers and missile approach warners
It can be extremely disconcerting for a fighter pilot to know that there is a missile on his tail. It is fortunate that aircraft manufacturers have learned from the improvements in capabilities of missiles of all kinds-air-to-air and surface-to-air (SAM) in particular-to be able to install early warning systems against the means by which the missiles are guided to their target.
Survival is then dependant on how the threat is dealt with either through electronic counter-measures or physical means like the dispersal of decoys like chaff and flares and the last-minute cut and run that will determine whether a million dollar aircraft will lose out to a cheaper missile.
The sensors required to know whether a missile has been fired at the aircraft are either radar/laser warning receivers or missile approach warners, more possibly a combination of both for double insurance. It is a cat-and-mouse game.
The radar warning receiver is essentially a listening device that can read a
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