Modern armor and difficult terrain warfare
Difficult terrain in the early years of warfare (World War I and World War II) was that landscape that was serrated with trenches and cratered by the fall of heavy ball-type artillery which tended to obstruct passage of motor vehicles and towed and self-propelled guns thereby obstructing the momentum of the battlefield charge. Trench warfare was the norm rather than the exception in these two conflicts and the kind of obstruction they created to mass forward movement of infantry and mechanized columns sometimes created what came to be called “trench deadlock”.
To be able to break this deadlock the combatants began looking for vehicles that could fly over the trenches without becoming “ditched”. Much of the credit for this transition must go to the Landships Committee formed in February 1915 to create an Armored Fighting Vehicle that would traverse territory broken up by shellfire and trenches and still be able to respond to enemy gunfire emanating from the trenches-the contributory factor to the “trench deadlock” phenomenon.
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