Precision guided munitions
India became enamored of the precision guided munitions during the Kargil war when the conventional air-delivered warheads in its arsenal were unable to hit Pakistani targets ensconced among the craggy hills of the Pir Panjal range in Jammu and Kashmir.
After the first kneejerk reaction of acquiring 155mm artillery precision guided munitions from the Russians and guidance kits from Israel, India decided to convert its large stock of dumb freefall bombs into PGMs with the addition of laser guidance kit on the nose-cone of the 500 kg freefall munitions. The result has been that the accuracy of the munition improved from a circular error probability of 400meters to just 10 meters which was being sought to be further reduced to just 3 meters for an absolutely sure kill and no “collateral damage”.
However, it was not the worry over collateral damage that induced the urge to acquire precision guided munitions but the cost-effectiveness in the conduct of warfare. It made little sense in expending more than two lakh tons of metal in Kargil and taking the whole of
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