September 25, 2021
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Robust shield
Surface-to-air missiles and air defence

Missiles in their surface-to-air configuration are dependent on their efficacy on range and a multi-layered nature of their deployment. Thus shoulder-fired man-portable (MANPADS) and fixed-launch “point-defence” missiles are considered the last shield against low-flying aircraft and, in the case of the latter, against surface-skimming projectiles.

Missiles tend to shape the battlefields in which they are deployed. Two famous
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