Boosting the Indian launch capability
India, which began its space journey in a modest manner way back in November 1963 with the launch of a 9-kg sounding rocket from a launch facility in the fishing hamlet of Thumba on the outskirts of Thiruvananathapuram in Kerala, has now attained the capability to hoist a 2-tonne class satellite payload into the geostationary transfer orbit.
Indeed, the successful flight of the three stage Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) in January featuring a home grown upper cryogenic engine stage has helped break the jinx that had nudged Indian Space Research Organisation( ISRO) to fall back on a solitary launch vehicle Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) operating on non cryogenic fuel for long.
The successful qualification of the cryogenic engine stage encasing complex and difficult to master technological systems has now opened up the possibility for ISRO to build bigger and more powerful launch vehicles without the kind of problems it had encountered during the process engineering an indigenous cryogenic engine stage.
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