March 21, 2019
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Challenges of difficult terrain warfare

The recent Doklam standoff between India and China has taught a lesson that technology, quality manpower and topography should all be combined into a new model of mountain warfare. During the entire standoff phase, Indian troops were never visible to the Chinese despite later having the best technology. Therefore only technology can never meet the challenges of mountain warfare.

A more proactive approach to territorial defence by placing  a greater emphasis on the integration of forward-deployed, highly mobile teams of special operations forces, coupled with advanced intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and precision strike capabilities will help India to counter any similar situation in future,

High mountain terrain is often inaccessible, uninhabitable or of no apparent value, yet peoples and states still fight to possess it. Long, bloody wars have been fought, and are being fought, for mountain. Over the past fifty years, high-altitude combat has raged in Africa, Asia, and South America.

There’s a reason that most governments train soldiers for mountain warfare. Most nations have mountains or are near mountains and throughout history many battles have often taken place in mountainous areas. Americ
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