April 18, 2021
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Coastal vigil
Requirements of OPV and frigates

To be able to gauge the number of offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) and frigates, India will require in the second quarter of the 21st century -2025 to 2050- an appreciation of the relative roles of the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard. This will have to be made on the basis of a blue-water and brown-water categorization of their respective jurisdictions. At the moment the entire maritime defence is under the jurisdiction of the Indian Navy with Indian Coast Guard handling the close inshore patrolling under the overall supervision of the Navy.

As things stand the Indian Coast Guard is to patrol the 12 nautical mile (NM) territorial waters measured from the coastline as per the UN Convention on the Laws of the Seas by which was also created the 200 NM Exclusive Economic Zone.

It does this largely with the help of fast attack craft, aircraft, helicopters, and hovercraft. The Indian Navy backs this up with its own network of ocean-going fast attack craft, frigates, destroyers, aircraft carrier, long-range maritime surveillance and attack aircraft, and helicopt
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