April 22, 2021
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Faultless strike
Precision guided munitions for Indian military

In 1999 during the Kargil war India felt very acutely the need for air-delivered precision guided munitions. Freefall bombs, as the name implies would fall all over the craggy mountain except where the Pakistan Army’s Northern Light Infantry men were ensconced in their sanghars-stone embankments.

By trial and error the Indian Armed Forces finally arrived at the perfect solution-the Bofors weapon fired like a line-of-sight gun instead of a high-trajectory howitzer-and bringing up the straight-firing Indian designed Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launcher for area saturation. A total of 2,50,000 tons of metal was delivered before the Pakistani game plan was nipped in the bud.

In hindsight it could be said that air-delivered precision guided munitions could have reduced the number of sorties required to achieve the final victory. They may even have prevented the loss of one fighter aircraft and one helicopter by being able to be delivered accurately where the Pakistanis were waiting with US-supplied Stinger shoulder-fired missiles by increasing t
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