February 26, 2021
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Competing interest
Role of Rwanda in Congo crisis Central Africa, the region of the Great Lakes, which encompasses Rwanda, DR Congo, Uganda and Burundi, has for long been engulfed in instability. Its violent history continues to shape the complex regional dynamics, and the overlapping of several conflicts only complicates the solution. National conflicts have spilled beyond national borders and domestic disputes have polarized and entangled the neighboring countries. Of these, the troubled and violent histories of DR Congo (formerly known as Zaire) and Rwanda have caused maximum pressure on the region. Rwanda’s violent past along with the horrific genocide of 1994 and the decades’ long civil war in DR Congo has transformed the region into a battlefield, with their border as the epicenter of all ongoing troubles. Essentially, Rwanda’s ethnic tension is associated with the unequal relationship between the dominant Tutsi minority and the majority Hutus. Even though Hutu’s are the traditional inhabitants of what is now Rwanda, the Tutsi ethnic group came to dominate Rwanda, with the blessings of its European colonizers, before it became independent. The background Although after 1959, the ethnic relationship was reversed, when civil war prompted around 2, 00,000 Tutsi’s to flee to neighboring Burundi, Uganda and Congo, lingering resentment let to the periodic massacres of Tutsi’s, the 1973 military coup led by Juvenal Habyarimana to oust P
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