February 26, 2021
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Changing equations
Implications of Iran’s nuclear deal for Middle East Iran’s relationship with the West and particularly with the USA has remained convoluted and under pressure for decades. Since 2003, what has kept Iran forcefully isolated from the world by way of trade embargos and sanctions by the Western powers is the Iranian nuclear issue. Uranium enrichment has remained at the heart of the crisis over Iran’s nuclear program. In November 2013, after four days of marathon talks, Iran and the P5+1, (the five permanent members of the UNSC – USA, UK, China, France and Russia + Germany) finally inked the Geneva interim deal as the preamble to reaching a long term comprehensive solution through diplomacy. In order to achieve the interim deal, a lot of complicated politics and diplomacy has taken place, to accommodate the realities of nuclear energy and warfare in today’s uncertain geopolitical environment. While the question whether the deal has prevented Iran from ever developing nuclear weapons capability or has merely postponed it for sometime will continue to be debated, one should not ignore the wider strategic consequences of the agreement because the impact of the deal is likely to be limited to the nuclear issue. The crisis In order to understand the complex crisis that follows the possibility of Iran being allowed easy access to nuclear proliferation and the volatile consequences that could follow suit, it is necessary to understa
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