February 26, 2021
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Growing threat
Surge of terrorism in MENA region and Africa The rise of ISIS and Al Qaeda in the whole of MENA region and other parts of Africa will witness a grappling surge in their activities as the competition for aligning new members and young recruits are taking place in a war footing manner. The Islamic State has faced significant defeats in Africa over the past year but political instability across the northern and western regions could offer a ripe breeding ground for the terrorist group to resurge, according to various local reports. ISIS over the past eight years has taken advantage of the political vacuum left by the 2011 toppling of Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi and the ongoing civil war between two rival governments in Tripoli and Tobruk that has left large swaths of ungoverned territory. ISIS has been losing ground in recent months in the Libyan city Sirte, the terror group's last major command-and-control center for operations in North and West Africa, but the group still maintains a sizable contingent of fighters in Libya. Those remaining fighters could be mobilized to perpetuate terrorist attacks in the region as they are now recruiting new members into their fold. Jihadists who were operating in the western Libyan city of Sebratha were forced to move operational networks into Tunisia after US airstrikes in February 2016 decimated ISIS targets in the region. ISIS resurgence Some of the estimated 1,000 Tunisians who were fighting with I
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