March 23, 2017
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Locating shadows
MAY-JUNE 2015: As the modern battlefield is getting hi-tech and changing the rules of engagement, the demand for new intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) technology and infrastructure is growing significantly to meet new challenges and eliminating the elements of surprise.

Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities, which are strategically important in peacetime, are a vital national asset in crises when time is a critical factor in decision-making and demands for information escalate drastically.

No doubt, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance are critical to a nation’s strategic defence. Many nations are actively employing ISR throughout the global theatres such
 
Domain of weapon
MAR-APRIL 2015: Despite concerted efforts to control cyberspace, cyberspace has become a new domain of warfare in the modern battleground, joining the existing natural domains of land, sea, air, and space which can transform the effectiveness of the battle zone many folds.

The cyber warfare challenge is growing at an alarming space for leading militaries who think one day they will have to resort to cyber weapon as their last arsenal in a contested battle which can be swift and decisive.

This can cripple a nation without a single shot being fired at the enemy or its position but the outcome can be devastating as one can see during even peace time when hostile hackers or state sponsored activists and technicians play havoc with opponent’s network assets. 
 
Sharp penetration
JAN-FEB 2015: With the introduction of revolution in military affairs, militaries around the world are gearing up for a new generation weapon profile that can enhance their strike capability while minimizing collateral damage that can result in a crisis.

Today, precision-guided munitions (PGMs) with their high degree of discrimination and accuracy again hold such promise. In modern warfare, both in terms of methods employed and of the greater concern placed is on limiting human suffering during conflict.

Technology has always been part of warfare, but it has not resulted uniformly in diminishing the frequency of conflict or the amount of human
 
Flying support
DECEMBER 2014: Today’s naval aircraft have come a long way from the Wright Brothers’ flying machine. These modern and complex aircraft require a maintenance team that is far superior to those of the past.

Other countries look upon the United States as the leader of the free world. This accomplishment comes partly through its military strength achieved through sea power.

The ability to fight in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War came directly from the Navy’s sea power. Taken as a whole, most naval aviation in the world is land based-aircraft functioning either as scouts or as virtual extensions of coastal artillery. Their purpose is to exert control over the seas over which they can fly.
 
Capturing shores
NOVEMBER 2014: The Asia Pacific regional security interests require the navies of this region to have the ability to respond comprehensively to political or military contingencies, which can arise with little or no warning. An amphibious capability provides the militaries with a range of political response options to apply military force, and project national power.

Many countries in the region have recognized the need to augment their amphibious capability in the developing geopolitical environment in the Indian Ocean Region and South China Sea maritime challenges. Many ASEAN countries are now possess varying-sized, specialized amphibious ground forces equivalent to the US Marine Corps (USMC) or Russian Naval Infantry.

This is no coincidence given that, because these formations are distinct from the army ground forces, maintaining them can be expensive. Moreover, the ships designed to give these forces mobility-large amphibious landing vessels-are 
 
Rapid strike
OCTOBER 2014: The future of the battlefield will be closely tied in with the advance of electronics computers, robots and sensors will become more common on the future battlefield. Infantrymen are being equipped with digital radios and computers. Night vision devices have been around for some time. Tanks have highly sophisticated targeting computers, radar and imaging devices. All these devices are electronic in nature.

As these devices become more and more common they will be integrated into helmets, weapons, and battle suits. Vehicles will become highly automated and detection of the enemy will become easier. As weapons become more lethal it will become more important to have an advantage over the enemy. However, electronics are not invulnerable.

In the past, the threat of mutually assured destruction provided a lasting deterrent against the exchange of multiple high-yield nuclear warheads. 
 
Undersea rescue
SEPTEMBER 2014: The August 2013 Sindhurakshak and the February 2014 Sindhuratna submarine tragedies are stark reminder of the absence of a deep submergence rescue vessel in Indian Navy.

Since the first accident occurred on the harbor, the navy was saved from the responsibility to perform mid sea rescue. Though the Indian Navy possesses one vintage submarine rescue system which is capable of rescuing the crew at depths less than 150 metres, the requirement for the present era is to have a deep submergence rescue vessel.

To meet an emergency situation an agreement has been reached with the US Navy to facilitate the rescue of sailors in distress through US navy rescue equipments. Called the Indo-American Rescue Flyaway kit, this will be flown to India for rescuing the submariners in distress.
 
Cache superiority
AUGUST 2014: Modern war is all about controlling the progress of combat scenario without getting directly engaged into the war theatre from a close proximity.

For that, air superiority remains an essential military mission and instead of fighters now UAV and UCAV are all set to perform the task.


Although control of the air does not itself destroy or defeat the majority of enemy forces, it provides the freedom of action and strategic flexibility that allow other military forces to do so.

Air superiority is central to a full range of military capabilities, including power projection of sea and land forces, close air support, interdiction, and freedom of maneuver for ground forces.
 
Conquering heights
JULY 2014: The Indian Army is considered as among the best trained army in the world when it comes to mountain or high altitude warfare.

India, due to the instability in the region, hostile neighbors with the need for permanent deployments in the mountainous regions, has come a long way since 1962. India’s mountain warfare units were vastly expanded after the 1962 war, with the creation of 6 Mountain Divisions.

But it was the shortcomings and observations during the Kargil war which attracted Indian government’s attention towards training troops for a dedicated specialized mountain warfare, which is very essential in the 21st Century battlefield. 
 
Burgeoning alliance
JUNE 2014: India and Russia are all set to develop a new generation fighter plane which is known as PAK-FA, a fifth generation aircraft based on T-50 prototype model that can challenge even most advanced fighters in the world, perhaps, performing better in some segments than the F-22 Raptor.

Russia and India are jointly developing two versions of the combat aircraft - a two-seater version to meet the requirements of India’s air superiority policy of Indian Air Force, and a single-seat version for the Russian Air Force.

While India’s HAL is giving technological support to the project in many new areas, Sukhoi has constructed three prototypes at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Production Association (KNAAPO) in Russia’s Far East.